The name Xanadu will most likely bring back memories of a much hyped 1980's movie staring Olivia Newton-John on roller-skates, or perhaps you think of the Xanadu Project which was the foundation for hypertext and the world wide web. For many the word Xanadu conveys a sense of mystery, adventure and discovery. It is in remote Inner Mongolia that you will find the true Xanadu. Xanadu (Yuanshangdu) is the legendary palace of the great Mongol emperor Kublai Khan which is now just a deserted ruin over three hundred kilometers to the north of Beijing.
The Mongol Empire ruled by Genghis Khan, and later by his grandson Kublai Khan conquered most of the known world. The empire stretched an inconceivable distance from what is now Hungary, all the way to Vietnam. The Chinese built the Great Wall of China to hold back the Mongol invaders, but even the wall couldn't halt the Mongol advancement and in 1215 they rode their horses in Beijing to take control of China. The tables have turned and a sizable section of the Mongol homeland is now an autonomous region of China known as Inner Mongolia. Inner Mongolia should not be confused with the independent country of Mongolia which lies to the north. The Mongolians themselves usually refer to the Chinese controlled region as Southern Mongolia.
Inner Mongolia brings to mind images of vast grasslands and horses being ridden by herders living in yurts. In these modern times even a simple yurt has access to digital television and radio, and in Australia and New Zealand we too can experience Mongolian life by tuning in to Apstar VI.
Two channels of Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia) Television can be received with a 2 meter or larger C-Band dish in our region. Both channels also carry a number of Inner Mongolian radio services on their alternative language streams.
Nei Monggol Chinese Television
The Chinese language channel presents programing for the Han Chinese who now form the majority ethnic group (85% of the total population) in Inner Mongolia.
Programing on the Chinese Channel is similar to other Chinese provincial broadcasters with many hours of Chinese infomercials promoting growth hormones and fertility potions during the day. The station also presents the usual mix of economic programing, Chinese soap operas and the evening relay of the CCTV1 national news live from CCTV studio's in Beijing.
Nei Monggol Mongolian Language Channel
The Mongolian language channel of Nei Mongol TV provides a fascinating insight into Inner Mongolia with a large proportion of the day devoted to locally produced programing. The Mongolians make up only 15% of the total population of Inner Mongolia but fiercely promote and defend their language and vertical written script, both of which dominate the channel.
Viewing the channel in the Australian morning provides a wealth of fascinating programing with the station opening at 9:28 AM Australian Eastern Standard Time (Sydney time). A Mongolian maiden backed by a graphic of the regions famous grasslands runs down the day's viewing schedule before handing over to a Mongolian dubbed version of the CCTV-1 National News from the previous evening. Local Mongolian News follows at around 09:50 AM AEST which includes coverage of local festivals and events. A whole series of morning Mongolian information and entertainment follows with childrens programing commencing just after 10 AM Sydney time. At 10:30 AM AEST English language lessons are presented, I guess you could take the lessons in reverse and use them to lean how to speak Mongolian.
Just before the hour, small "filler" segments are often presented featuring Mongolian pop and rock music. One memorable clip featured a Mongolian punk band with the lead singer singing in the haunting traditional "throat singing" delivery.
The daily programing features colourful historical dramas reliving the glory days of Genghis Khan and his army of horsemen.
The Mongolian Language Channel broadcasts for around 20 hours each day. The channel opens for it's daily broadcast at 9:28 AM Australian Eastern Standard Time.
Nei Monggol Peoples Radio
Apstar VI also offers both the Chinese and Mongolian language services of Nei Monggol People's Radio.
The Chinese language radio channel can be found on the right hand audio channel of the second language stream on Nei Monggol Chinese Television. Nei Monggol Mongolian language radio is found on the left audio channel of the same second language stream.
Mongolian language radio is a delight to listen to, with a wide variety of traditional musical programing. Both stations also broadcast on AM, FM and shortwave, opening just before 8 AM AEST (Sydney) time each morning.
Tuning & Resources
Various Chinese provincial channels are featured in the Satdirectory package on DVD Disk Two.
Nei Monggol TV
Satellite : Apstar VI
Orbit Location : 134 East
Frequency : 3758
Polarity : Horizontal
Symbol Rate : 8400
Nei Monggol - Sports News on the Mongolian Language Channel
Mongolian Sports Coverage
What do you expect to watch in your nightly sports television coverage - football, cricket, tennis?
Well now imagine a sports news program that doesn't even acknowledge the existence of rugby! Sports news on Nei Monggol TV's Mongolian Channel follows a very different programming formula to satisfy the fans.
Archery, Mongolian wrestling, camel and horse racing are the most popular sports in Inner Mongolia. The daily sports news coverage features both athletes and spectators in colourful outfits on barren sports fields which appear to simply roped off areas of the vast grazing lands. Yurts (Mongolian houses - a blend of igloo and tepee) scatted around the playing fields add to the exotic feel of the television coverage.
The largest sporting event of the year is the games of the Naadam summer festival held in Inner Mongolia's capital Hohhot. The dates that Naadam is held each year is dependent on when the grass is at it's greenest, though the festival is typically held between mid-July and mid-August.
Nei Monggol TV Sports News can be seen each weekday on the Mongolian language channel around 09:30 AM Australian Eastern Standard Time.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (China)
Capital : Hohhot
Population : 24.4 million
Area : 1,183,000 sq km
The government of Inner Mongolia uses the name öbür mongghul, or "South (sunny side of mountain) Mongolia", instead of dotood mongghul, which would be the Mongolian translation for "Inner Mongolia" to describe the province.
The geography of Inner Mongolia consists primarily of high altitude plateaus. The Daxing'an Mountains (Greater Khingan) cover much of the eastern parts of the province, while the Yinshan Mountains and Langshan Mountains are found in the central regions. The Gobi Desert extends just north of the border with the independent country of Mongolia.
Inner Mongolia - the land of Xanadu and true alternative sport